Exploring the 'Marine Twilight Zone' in the Gulf of Eilat, Red Sea, Israel

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Exploring the 'Marine Twilight Zone' in the Gulf of Eilat, Red Sea, Israel

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dc.contributor.author Ben-Shaprut, O en_US
dc.contributor.author Goodman-Tchernov, B en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2013-04-13T04:30:07Z
dc.date.available 2013-04-13T04:30:07Z
dc.date.issued 2009 en_US
dc.identifier.citation In: Pollock NW, ed. Diving for Science 2009. Proceedings of the American Academy of Underwater Sciences 28th Symposium. Dauphin Island, AL: AAUS; 2009. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/10201
dc.description American Academy of Underwater Sciences (http://www.aaus.org/) en_US
dc.description.abstract In 2003, the Marine Twilight Zone Research and Exploration (MTRX) program, a deep reef research and exploration program, was initiated at the Interuniversity Institute for Marine Sciences of Eilat (IUI). The IUI is the major marine sciences research facility in Israel and the IUI's diving center stands among the busiest research diving facilities in the world, with an average of about 3,500 dives annually. The idea of exploring the 'marine twilight zone' was born out of the fact that virtually no work had been done on the deep coral reef of the northern Red Sea. This was a particularly remarkable oversight given the unusual water clarity, and related deep light penetration in this area. We erected an infrastructure to support technical diving, as well as a training program, starting with open-circuit technical nitrox through OC trimix and finally mixed gas closed-circuit rebreathers. Hundreds of research dives have been conducted to depths of between 40 to 92 m, working on subjects as broad as deep seagrasses, coral and fish distribution and community structure, coral physiology, geological aspects of ancient reefs and bottom morphology. The MTRX program has become an important resource for researchers at the IUI. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher American Academy of Underwater Sciences (AAUS) en_US
dc.subject scientific diving en_US
dc.subject technical diving en_US
dc.subject Red Sea en_US
dc.subject marine twilight zone en_US
dc.subject methods en_US
dc.subject nitrox en_US
dc.subject trimix en_US
dc.subject open circuit scuba en_US
dc.subject rebreathers en_US
dc.subject Interuniversity Institute for Marine Sciences of Eilat en_US
dc.subject review en_US
dc.title Exploring the 'Marine Twilight Zone' in the Gulf of Eilat, Red Sea, Israel en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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