Bioluminescence of gelatinous zooplankton in the Greenland and Barents Seas: Nightlights in the land of the midnight sun

Rubicon Research Repository/Manakin Repository

Bioluminescence of gelatinous zooplankton in the Greenland and Barents Seas: Nightlights in the land of the midnight sun

Show simple item record


dc.contributor.author Mann, CG en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2013-05-10T04:30:05Z
dc.date.available 2013-05-10T04:30:05Z
dc.date.issued 1989 en_US
dc.identifier.citation In: Lang, MA; Jaap, WC (ed). Diving for Science…1989. Proceedings of the American Academy of Underwater Sciences annual scientific diving symposium 28 September - 1 October 1989 Wood Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/10220
dc.description American Academy of Underwater Sciences (http://www.aaus.org/) en_US
dc.description.abstract Bioluminescence of gelatinous zooplankton in the Greenland, Barents and Norwegian Seas was investigated by in situ observations by SCUBA divers and by shipboard experimentation on cruise EN182 ofRIV Endeavor. The bioluminescence of individual organisms hand-collected by the divers was measured in the laboratory with a photon counter. The cydippid ctenophore, Mertensia ovum, produced the greatest per capita luminescence. Mertensia was usually the most abundant gelatinous organism observed by the divers. Other common luminescent species were the ctenophore Beroe cucumis and the larvacean Oikopleura labradorensis. Beroe were observed on nearly all of the dives and small individuals were sometimes very abundant near the surface. Oikopleura were not commonly found, but when encountered, occurred in dense aggregations of up to 100 m-3 . Due to its numerical abundance, high per capita luminescence and widespread distribution, Mertensia ovum is considered the major source of bioluminescence among gelatinous zooplankton in the Arctic. The production of luminescence in the summer by Arctic zooplankton is puzzling because of the continuous daylight to which they are exposed in the euphotic zone and the apparent lack of vertical migrations among these species. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher American Academy of Underwater Sciences (AAUS) en_US
dc.subject scientific diving en_US
dc.subject Bioluminescence en_US
dc.subject gelatinous zooplankton en_US
dc.subject Mertensia en_US
dc.subject Beroe cucumis en_US
dc.subject Mertensia ovum en_US
dc.subject cydippid ctenophore en_US
dc.subject euphotic zone en_US
dc.subject population ecology en_US
dc.title Bioluminescence of gelatinous zooplankton in the Greenland and Barents Seas: Nightlights in the land of the midnight sun en_US
dc.type Article en_US

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
AAUS_1989_25.pdf 6.706Mb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Browse

My Account