[abstract]DIVERS ALERT NETWORK BREATH-HOLD INCIDENT DATABASE REVIEW: 2006-2011

Rubicon Research Repository/Manakin Repository

[abstract]DIVERS ALERT NETWORK BREATH-HOLD INCIDENT DATABASE REVIEW: 2006-2011

Show simple item record


dc.contributor.author Pollock NW en_US
dc.contributor.author Riddle MF en_US
dc.contributor.author Wiley JM en_US
dc.contributor.author Martina SD en_US
dc.contributor.author Mackey MN en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2015-10-14T04:30:09Z
dc.date.available 2015-10-14T04:30:09Z
dc.date.issued 2012 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Annual Meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, USA. Undersea Hyperb Med. 2012 Sep-Oct;39(5) en_US
dc.identifier.isbn 1066-2936 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/10505
dc.description Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine : Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. en_US
dc.description.abstract Introduction: Breath-hold diving has grown in popularity as an underwater activity with numerous subdisciplines. While generally safe, the aquatic realm is unforgiving, and serious injury or death can occur. Learning from breath-hold incidents is important to promote safety. Methods: Divers Alert Network (DAN) developed a dedicated database to collect breath-hold incidents from 2004 forward. Cases are identified through automated keyword internet searches and voluntary submission. Incidents are followed up through requests to participants or local authorities. We reviewed cases from 2006 through 2011. Data are reported as percentages or mean ± SD, with ranges as appropriate. The percentage of known data is specified for variables with incomplete records. Results: A total of 415 cases were captured; 306 fatal and 109 non-fatal; 51 ± 9 fatal cases annually. Incidents were reported from 56 countries; 46 percent in America; 11 percent in Australia; and single digits elsewhere. Victims were 41 ± 17 (5-93) years of age (92 percent known). Most victims were male (86 percent ). Dive activity was described as snorkeling (46 percent ), spearfishing (25 percent ), free-diving (18 percent ) and collecting (11 percent ) (92 percent known). Incidents were reported in ocean (90 percent ), swimming pools (3.6 percent ), lakes/quarries (3.3 percent ), rivers/springs (1.8 percent ) and other (1.3 percent ) (94 percent known). Witnesses were present in 61 percent of cases (64 percent known) but generally with incomplete details of the event. Disabling injuries were most obvious with acute animal or boat trauma. The most common disabling agent was loss of consciousness, typically intuited in fatal cases from witness reports and/or circumstances due to the lack of physical evidence. Initial triggers are frequently impossible to confirm in fatal cases. Conclusions: Breath-hold incidents frequently present with incomplete information and poor physical evidence. Additional information is required to identify triggers and disabling injuries. Increasing non-fatal case reporting is important to capture details to improve our understanding of events. Funding: Riddle, Wiley, Martina and Mackey supported by 2010-2011 DAN research internship programs. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. en_US
dc.subject en_US
dc.subject en_US
dc.subject en_US
dc.subject en_US
dc.title [abstract]DIVERS ALERT NETWORK BREATH-HOLD INCIDENT DATABASE REVIEW: 2006-2011 en_US
dc.type Article en_US

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
abstract.txt 258bytes Text file View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • UHMS Meeting Abstracts
    This is a collection of the published abstracts from the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS) annual meetings.

Show simple item record

Browse

My Account