[abstract] DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS OF A RECREATIONAL DIVING ACCIDENT DATABASE

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[abstract] DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS OF A RECREATIONAL DIVING ACCIDENT DATABASE

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Title: [abstract] DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS OF A RECREATIONAL DIVING ACCIDENT DATABASE
Author: Reed, WL; Freiberger, JJ; Vann, RD; DeNoble, PJ
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Divers Alert Network collects data on recreational diving accidents requiring recompression therapy. We undertook a descriptive analysis of the database of accidents from 1986-1997. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on recompression was submitted voluntarily on the Diving Accident Report Form. Data was then analyzed in SPSS and STATA. RESULTS: A total of 4887 cases were available for review. 71.3percent of the injured persons were male, 28.7percent were female. The proportion of females rose from 23percent in 1987 to 36percent in 1996. The median age was 34. Reported years of diving since initial certification ranged from 0 to 50, with a median of 4 years, males had been certified longer than had females. At least one pre existing medical condition was present in 49percent; most (22percent) were musculoskeletal complaints. Asthma was present in 3.85percent and, diabetes in 0.10percent of all cases. Equipment malfunction was reported by 12percent of the injured divers. The median number of dives in the series was 3, the median deepest depth of the dive series was 90 fsw, with men diving 8 feet deeper than women. Pain was present in 59percent of the cases, numbness or paresthesia in 58percent. Men were more likely to have pain, women more likely to have numbness. Bladder (2percent) bowel (1.5percent), hearing (1percent) and seizure (0.65percent) were the least frequently seen symptoms. Pre recompression oxygen was administered in 35percent. There was a median delay to recompression of 25 hours. USN TT 6 was the most common recompression protocol. DCS II was the final diagnosis in 66percent, DCS I in 23percent, and AGE in 11.6percent. Complete resolution of symptoms after 1 treatment was present in 57percent of the cases, resolution after all treatments was present in 93percent. CONCLUSIONS: There were significant differences in the diving habits and presentation of DCI in men and women. Neurologic DCI was the most commonly seen presentation. divers alert network, decompression sickness, Diving accident database, gender differences,
Description: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. (http://www.uhms.org )
URI: http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/1155
Date: 2002

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  • UHMS Meeting Abstracts
    This is a collection of the published abstracts from the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS) annual meetings.

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