[abstract] THE INCIDENCE OF DECOMPRESSION ILLNESS IN RECREATIONAL DIVING IS NOT HOMOGENEOUS

Rubicon Research Repository/Manakin Repository

[abstract] THE INCIDENCE OF DECOMPRESSION ILLNESS IN RECREATIONAL DIVING IS NOT HOMOGENEOUS

Show simple item record


dc.contributor.author DeNoble, PJ en_US
dc.contributor.author Uguccioni, DM en_US
dc.contributor.author Forbes, R en_US
dc.contributor.author Vann, RD en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2006-08-21T03:29:25Z
dc.date.available 2006-08-21T03:29:25Z
dc.date.issued 2003 en_US
dc.identifier.other Undersea Hyp Med 2003 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/1283
dc.description Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. (http://www.uhms.org ) en_US
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: DCI incidence in recreational diving is estimated at 1-8 DCI/10,000 dives. We tested the hypothesis that the incidence differs among subpopulations in Project Dive Exploration (PDE) data from 2001. METHODS: PDE used computers to record dive profiles of volunteers who provided demographic, health, and diving information including symptoms within 48 hours after diving. Reports were crosschecked with recompression chamber records. Data were compared for dive guides from Caribbean resorts and for recreational divers on liveaboards, day boats, and at Scapa Flow, UK (cold-water wreck dives). RESULTS: DCI incidence was computed per 100 divers and per 10,000 dives (Table). Caribbean dive guides had the highest incidence per diver while Scapa Flow divers had the highest incidence per dive. There was no DCI in dive tourists or guides on liveaboard dive boats. Diving intensity (Dives/Diver) was lowest for day boat divers and highest for dive guides. Mean maximum depth was greatest for Scapa Flow divers and least for Caribbean guides. Liveaboard Day Boat Scapa Flow Carib Guides DCI 0 3 8 5 Divers 290 705 233 48 Dives 3,928 3,796 2,413 5,248 Dives/Diver 13.5 5.4 10.4 109.3 Series/Diver 1.4 2.1 1.0 12.0 DCI/100 Divers 0 0.3 3.9 10.4 DCI/10,000 Dives 0 5.3 37.3 9.5 Mean Max Depth 70.1 fsw 66.1 88.5 64.6 different from Liveaboard at p less than 0.0015. CONCLUSION: This diver sample was not homogenous. Depth appeared important for Scapa Flow divers while diving intensity appeared important for Caribbean guides. The high incidence per diver for guides was concerning as this group is the backbone of the recreational diving industry. Accordingly, we will conduct a two-year cohort study of 60 dive guides from both liveaboards and Caribbean shore-based operations using PDE methodology. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.rights Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. (http://www.uhms.org ) en_US
dc.subject decompression en_US
dc.subject chamber en_US
dc.subject DCI en_US
dc.subject recreational en_US
dc.subject diving en_US
dc.subject guides en_US
dc.subject PDE en_US
dc.subject DAN en_US
dc.title [abstract] THE INCIDENCE OF DECOMPRESSION ILLNESS IN RECREATIONAL DIVING IS NOT HOMOGENEOUS en_US

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
abstract.txt 259bytes Text file View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • UHMS Meeting Abstracts
    This is a collection of the published abstracts from the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS) annual meetings.

Show simple item record

Browse

My Account