Reversibility in blood-brain barrier, microcirculation, and histology in rat brain after decompression.

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Reversibility in blood-brain barrier, microcirculation, and histology in rat brain after decompression.

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Title: Reversibility in blood-brain barrier, microcirculation, and histology in rat brain after decompression.
Author: Nohara, A; Yusa, T
Abstract: To examine the changes in blood-brain barrier (BBB), cerebral microcirculation, and histology from 15 min to 72 h after decompression, 90 rats were exposed to experimental compression to 6 atm abs air for 90 min and subsequent rapid decompression. The disruption of BBB was examined by Evans blue extravasation. The cerebral microcirculation was demonstrated by perfusion with India ink. The area stained with Evans blue and the regions of defective filling with India ink, observed immediately after decompression decreased in size with time and were undetectable 3-24 h after decompression. The edematous brain tissue with enlarged perivascular space and darkly stained nerve cells also decreased to the uncompressed control level 1-24 h after decompression. These reversible dysbaric changes, however, reappeared 48-72 h after decompression. The different mechanisms, the physicochemical effects of microbubbles, and the maturation phenomenon after temporary brain ischemia induced by dysbaric microbubbles may be involved in the brain damage after decompression sickness. Animals Blood-Brain Barrier/*physiology Brain/*blood supply/*pathology Decompression Sickness/*pathology/*physiopathology Male Microcirculation/physiology Neurons/pathology Rats Rats, Wistar Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Description: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. (http://www.uhms.org )
URI: PMID: 9068151
http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/2391
Date: 1997

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