A comparison of respiratory function in divers breathing with a mouthpiece or a full face mask

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A comparison of respiratory function in divers breathing with a mouthpiece or a full face mask

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Title: A comparison of respiratory function in divers breathing with a mouthpiece or a full face mask
Author: Norfleet, WT; Hickey, DD; Lundgren, CEG
Abstract: A comparison was made of respiratory function in submersed divers breathing with either a mouthpiece or a full face mask while exposed to varying depths (15 and 190 fsw), exercise loads (0-175 W), and static lung loads (0 and -20 cmH2O). The two types of breathing equipment were designed to be identical in terms of functional dead space volume and resistance to gas flow. When compared with data from experiments utilizing a full face mask, use of a mouthpiece caused a modest fall in expired minute volume at both depths. The majority of this decline may have been the consequence of a decrease in dead space ventilation brought about by the elimination of simultaneous nose breathing and mouth breathing. Alveolar ventilation and PETCO2 were not significantly influenced by the use of a mouthpiece, regardless of depth, workload, or static lung load. With both types of breathing gear episodes of dyspnea were infrequent during experiments with a static lung load of 0 cmH2O. Therefore, if a neutral static lung load is maintained, the type of breathing gear used does not seem to be of consequence as far as dyspnea is concerned.
Description: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. (http://www.uhms.org )
URI: PMID: 3120386
http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/2456
Date: 1987

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  • Undersea Biomedical Research Journal
    The Undersea Baromedical Research journal was published by the Undersea Medical Society, Inc. (now the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society) quarterly from 1974 to 1992 when the name changed to the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine Journal.

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