Measurement of static and dynamic pulmonary work during pressure breathing

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Measurement of static and dynamic pulmonary work during pressure breathing

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Title: Measurement of static and dynamic pulmonary work during pressure breathing
Author: Morrison, JB; Taylor, NA
Abstract: Various environments alter static and flow-resistive pulmonary mechanics. Of interest to diving physiologists is the negative pressure breathing induced during upright immersions without appropriate modification of air supply pressure. This paper outlines methodologic considerations for determining static and flow-resistive pulmonary work under such exposures. Ten males performed inspiratory pressure-volume relaxation maneuvers and spontaneous breathing in air, and during upright immersion with mouth pressure air supply. The immersed lung centroid pressure (PLC) was +1.19 kPa relative to the hydrostatic pressure at the sternal notch. Immersion elevated inspiratory static work from 0.36 to 1.74 J.liter-1 (P less than 0.05). Pulmonary flow-resistive work was elevated from 0.20 to 0.75 J.liter-1 (P less than 0.05), whereas pulmonary resistance, determined at 0.5 liter.sec-1, increased from 0.18 to 0.44 kPa.liter-1.sec (P less than 0.05). No significant changes in the iso-volume compliance of the lung tissue, chest wall, or total respiratory system were observed (P greater than 0.05). Results indicate that increases in the work of breathing are due to a combination of hydrostatic pressure imbalance, increased pulmonary resistance, and reduced end-expiratory total respiratory compliance.
Description: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. (http://www.uhms.org )
URI: PMID: 2219553
http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/2550
Date: 1990

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  • Undersea Biomedical Research Journal
    The Undersea Baromedical Research journal was published by the Undersea Medical Society, Inc. (now the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society) quarterly from 1974 to 1992 when the name changed to the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine Journal.

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