In vitro activation of human complement by nitrogen bubbles

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In vitro activation of human complement by nitrogen bubbles

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Title: In vitro activation of human complement by nitrogen bubbles
Author: Shastri, KA; Logue, GL; Lundgren, CEG
Abstract: Complement activation may be responsible for some of the symptoms of decompression sickness. In the present study, complement activation was studied by exposing human sera with or without red blood cells to nitrogen bubbles. Nitrogen bubbles activated human complement as measured by generation of the fluid-phase, complement-split product C5a des Arg. In addition, we found that complement activation continued after exposure to bubbles was stopped. This continued complement activation may explain the failure of recompression treatment in some patients. Complement activation induced by nitrogen bubbles in human sera was enhanced when red cells were present. Red cells may be able to provide a stable membrane surface on which complement activation by bubbles can occur more efficiently. Complement activation by nitrogen bubbles in serum also led to the binding of activated C3 to red cells. Quantitation of bystander red-cell-bound C3d may allow the assessment of complement activation occurring by nitrogen bubbles in individuals undergoing decompression.
Description: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. (http://www.uhms.org )
URI: PMID: 1853466
http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/2589
Date: 1991

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  • Undersea Biomedical Research Journal
    The Undersea Baromedical Research journal was published by the Undersea Medical Society, Inc. (now the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society) quarterly from 1974 to 1992 when the name changed to the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine Journal.

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