An investigation of cardiovascular reflexes during a trimix saturation dive to 450 msw (GUSI 17)

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An investigation of cardiovascular reflexes during a trimix saturation dive to 450 msw (GUSI 17)

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Title: An investigation of cardiovascular reflexes during a trimix saturation dive to 450 msw (GUSI 17)
Author: Cornish, MJ; Hainsworth, R; Kidd, C; Lyons, RC
Abstract: The study examines the hypothesis that the carotid sinus heart rate baroreflex responses are changed in human subjects on exposure to 450 msw. Baroreceptor reflex changes in heart rate (expressed as ms/mmHg applied pressure) were evoked by application of negative or positive pressure to a cuff surrounding the neck. At 450 msw using trimix, the mean resting heart rate of divers slowed significantly from 64 +/- 1.3 beats/min at surface to 55 +/- 1.4 beats/min at 450 msw, respiratory rate decreased from 15 +/- 1.4 at surface to 11 +/- 2 at 450 msw, and sinus arrhythmia increased. There was no change in arterial blood pressure. Baroreceptor reflex sensitivity to an increased carotid sinus transmural pressure was reduced from 5.6 +/- 2.9 (mean +/- SEM) at surface to 2.4 +/- 0.8 ms.mmHg-1 at 450 msw; sensitivity to decreased carotid sinus transmural pressure increased from 2.2 +/- 0.4 ms.mmHg-1 at surface to 5.1 +/- 0.2 ms.mmHg-1 at 450 msw. A progressive shortening of cardiac interval during breath hold in expiration was also noted. When this shortening of interval was incorporated into the analysis of baroreceptor reflex sensitivity, no significant change in sensitivity was observed but the overall baroreflex stimulus-response relationship shifted downward.
Description: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. (http://www.uhms.org )
URI: PMID: 1353928
http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/2599
Date: 1992

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  • Undersea Biomedical Research Journal
    The Undersea Baromedical Research journal was published by the Undersea Medical Society, Inc. (now the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society) quarterly from 1974 to 1992 when the name changed to the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine Journal.

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