Vision of submariners

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Title: Vision of submariners
Author: Kinney, JA; Luria, SM; McKay, CL; Ryan, AP
Abstract: A variety of vision tests have been administered to submariners over the years. The results show that the average submariner, though maintaining a normal, healthy visual system, has distant acuity somewhat below normal and manifests more myopia, esophoria, and less accommodative power than men of comparable age, as documented in the literature. The reasons for these changes are unknown but probably involve confinement; whether confinement peculiar to the submarine of the "confinement" of urban living is the more important for these changes is discussed. Accommodation, Ocular Adult Depth Perception Human Longitudinal Studies Male Refractive Errors/epidemiology *Submarine Medicine *Vision Vision Disorders Visual Acuity
Description: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. ( )
URI: PMID: 505624
Date: 1979

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  • Undersea Biomedical Research Journal
    The Undersea Baromedical Research journal was published by the Undersea Medical Society, Inc. (now the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society) quarterly from 1974 to 1992 when the name changed to the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine Journal.

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