ONR/MARCORSYSCOM Evaluation of Self-Applied Tourniquets for Combat Applications

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ONR/MARCORSYSCOM Evaluation of Self-Applied Tourniquets for Combat Applications

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Title: ONR/MARCORSYSCOM Evaluation of Self-Applied Tourniquets for Combat Applications
Author: Ruterbusch, VL; Swiergosz, MJ; Montgomery, LD; Hopper, KW; Gerth, WA
Abstract: Six tourniquets designed for combat application were tested for their ease of use and ability to occlude arterial blood flow to the upper arms and thighs in a repeated measures design. To simulate nighttime desert combat conditions, subjects completed an exercise routine while the tourniquet was immersed in a blood analog solution and rolled in sand. Subjects then applied the tourniquet while they were blindfolded and seated or lying supine. They were able to apply all tourniquets in a reasonable amount of time (range: 24-204 s). The Quickette exhibited a high mechanical failure rate (30percent). All tourniquets except the One-Handed Tourniquet (1-inch width) and Quickette performed reasonably well on arms and legs, with median occlusion efficacious exceeding 70percent. Subjective rankings indicated that the Mechanical Advantage Tourniquet, Tourni-Kwik, and Combat Application Tourniquet were preferred over the One-Handed Tourniquet (1- and 2-inch models) and the Quickette. Additional research is recommended to investigate increases in blood flow that might occur with inadequate tourniquet application.
Description: Citation Status: Active; Citation Classification: Unclassified; Title Classification: Unclassified; Report Classification: Unclassified; Identifier Classification: Unclassified; Abstract Classification: Unclassified; Distribution Limitation(s): 01 - APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; Information provided by the Department of Defense and the Defense Technical Information Center (http://www.dtic.mil/) is considered public information and may be distributed or copied unless otherwise specified. Use of appropriate byline/photo/image credits is requested.
URI: http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/3476
Date: 2005

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