[abstract] DEVELOPMENT OF THE DAN BREATH-HOLD INCIDENT DATABASE: 2004-2005

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[abstract] DEVELOPMENT OF THE DAN BREATH-HOLD INCIDENT DATABASE: 2004-2005

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Title: [abstract] DEVELOPMENT OF THE DAN BREATH-HOLD INCIDENT DATABASE: 2004-2005
Author: Modi, SJ; Pollock, NW
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Breath-hold diving is gaining popularity as an underwater sport. The risks associated with breath-hold vary according to individual practice. Development of a formal program to collect and disseminate information regarding breath-hold injuries and fatalities is desirable to improve awareness, training, and procedural developmentMATERIALS AND METHODS: The Divers Alert Network (DAN) has maintained a diving incident database since 1987. DAN created a new database for breath-hold diving incidents in 2005, comprised of 232 fields, to capture both fatal and non-fatal cases. Data are presented below as percentage (percent) and/or number (n) of cases, or as mean +/- standard deviation with rangRESULTS: Thirty-six breath-hold cases contained sufficient data to begin analysis. Only one incident was non-fatal (shark attack). Only one victim was female (fatal boat strike). Diver age was 40+/-15 (14-77) years. The breath-hold activity at the time of the incident was described as snorkeling (35percent), spearfishing (26percent), collecting (21percent), and freediving (18percent). Dives were conducted from shore in 45percent of cases. Dive support was described as partner (55percent), none/solo (21percent), group (18percent) or other (6percent). Eyewitnesses were present for 47percent of cases. Victims were recovered from the bottom in 40percent of cases and from the surface in 37percent of cases. Information on contributing factors was seldom availablCONCLUSIONS: While a small number of high profile fatality cases may be widely reported, limited information is available for most breath-hold accidents. Non-fatal incidents are rarely reported. DAN is now actively collecting breath-hold incident data. Persons volunteering to report events will be encouraged to enter data directly into webforms accessed through the internet. Regular release of anonymized summary reviews is expected to increase awareness of and participation in the prograACKNOWLEDGMENT: SJ Modi was participating in a research internship at Duke.
Description: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. (http://www.uhms.org )
URI: http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/3717
Date: 2006

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  • UHMS Meeting Abstracts
    This is a collection of the published abstracts from the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS) annual meetings.

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