[abstract] MENSTRUATION AS A RISK FACTOR FOR DECOMPRESSION ILLNESS (DCI) IN FEMALE SCUBA DIVERS TAKING ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES (OC).

Rubicon Research Repository/Manakin Repository

[abstract] MENSTRUATION AS A RISK FACTOR FOR DECOMPRESSION ILLNESS (DCI) IN FEMALE SCUBA DIVERS TAKING ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES (OC).

Show full item record


Title: [abstract] MENSTRUATION AS A RISK FACTOR FOR DECOMPRESSION ILLNESS (DCI) IN FEMALE SCUBA DIVERS TAKING ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES (OC).
Author: Doyle, K; Baek, PS; De Long, ER; Uguccioni, DM; Dear, GdeL; Stolp, BW; Dovenbarger, JA; Moon, RE
Abstract: BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that at the time of menstruation women undergoing chamber decompressions may be more susceptible to DCI (Aviat Space Environ Med 61:657, 1990; Undersea Hyperb Med 19(suppl):37, 1992). METHODS: We examined the data set including all female divers with DCI in the DAN database from 1989-95. Menstruation during the accident and possible risk factors for DCI such as depth/time of dive, ascent rate, age and diving experience were examined in women not taking OC (OC-) and those who were (OC+). The subgroup within the N American norm for menstruation (13-51 years) was also examined. Logistic regression was used to examine possible confounding effects of other risk factors. RESULTS: Excluded from analysis were 8 records (2 pregnancies, 6 incomplete). 956 women were entered into the analysis. Results are shown in the Table. : All Women::Women Aged 13-51 y :Total:OC-:OC+:OC-:OC+ Total N:956:695:261:654:261 N Menstruating:365:141:224:141:224 percent Menstruating:38.2:20.3:85.8:21.6:85.8 P less than 10-10. Univariate analysis showed that menstruating women were significantly younger, had fewer years of diving and total dives, shallower dives, more rapid ascents (33percent vs. 27percent), and fewer previous DCI. However, logistic regression showed that after accounting for OC use the only factor associated with menstruation was years of diving. CONCLUSIONS: While the fraction of OC- women menstruating at the time of their accident was similar to the number expected, this was significantly exceeded by group OC+. The results suggest that women taking oral contraceptives are significantly more likely to experience DCI if they scuba dive while menstruating.
Description: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. (http://www.uhms.org )
URI: http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/406
Date: 1997

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
abstract.txt 259bytes Text file View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • UHMS Meeting Abstracts
    This is a collection of the published abstracts from the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS) annual meetings.

Show full item record

Browse

My Account