Indication for hyperbaric oxygen treatment as a predictor of tympanostomy tube placement.

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Indication for hyperbaric oxygen treatment as a predictor of tympanostomy tube placement.

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Title: Indication for hyperbaric oxygen treatment as a predictor of tympanostomy tube placement.
Author: Fiesseler, FW; Silverman, ME; Riggs, RL; Szucs, PA
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO2) has been utilized for many years for a multitude of disease entities. One commonly encountered side-effect is otic barotrauma. OBJECTIVE: To determine if patients with specific disease processes are at increased risk of requiring tympanostomy tubes during HBO2. METHODS: Data was obtained from Jan. 2000 to Dec. 2004, retrospectively. The requirement for tympanostomy tubes during a course of HBO2 was established. RESULTS: 325 met inclusion criteria. Fifteen percent of patients overall (95% CI= 11-19%) required tympanostomy tubes. Tubes were required in: 5% necrotizing soft tissue infection (p=0.33); 10% failed/threatened graft (p=0.39); 15% problem wounds; 17% chronic refractory osteomyelitis (CRO) (p=0.64); 22% soft tissue radionecrosis (STRN)/osteoradionecrosis (ORN) (p=0.02); 33% of crush injuries (p=0.10). Twenty-nine percent of nasopharyngeal radiation injury patients (p=0.001) and 10% of the non-nasopharyngeal radiation patients (p=0.36) received tympanostomy tubes. CONCLUSION: A significant increase in tympanostomy tubes were required in nasopharyngeal radiation injury patients.
Description: Undersea & hyperbaric medicine : journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc.
URI: http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/5033
Date: 2006

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