[abstract] A STUDY IN PRECHAMBER TREATMENT OF CEREBRAL AIR EMBOLISM PATIENTS BY A FIRST PROVIDER AT SANTA CATALINA ISLAND.

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[abstract] A STUDY IN PRECHAMBER TREATMENT OF CEREBRAL AIR EMBOLISM PATIENTS BY A FIRST PROVIDER AT SANTA CATALINA ISLAND.

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Title: [abstract] A STUDY IN PRECHAMBER TREATMENT OF CEREBRAL AIR EMBOLISM PATIENTS BY A FIRST PROVIDER AT SANTA CATALINA ISLAND.
Author: Stonier, JC
Abstract: Since 1975 the Los Angeles County Lifeguard rescue boats at Catalina Island, "Baywatch Avalon and Isthmus", have responded and treated 58 Cerebral Air embolism victims. All patients were using SCUBA except 1 that was using Hooka. 40 patients were sport diving, 15 were on their training check out dive, and 3 were commercial abalony or sea urchin divers. These patients presented a wide range of signs and symptoms, from alert and oriented with pain and nuero-deficits, to coma and full arrest. All signs and symptoms were reported as happening upon surfacing or immediately afterward. The average mean response time to the stricken diver from onset of symptoms to arrival of the Baywatch was 18 minutes (2min-55min spread).The average delay from onset of symptoms. to arrival time in the chamber with Baywatch Isthmus was 31 minutes. Because of the longer distance from the chamber, the Baywatch Avalon delay was an average of 1 hour and 7min. All breathing patients were transported in the Left lateral Trendelenburg position with high flow Oxygen form either a demand valve with a mask (conscious patient) or inhalation mask (altered LOC). 31 patients were also started on an IV with Lactated Ringers solution. With this treatment, 34 patients condition improved, 20 patients condition remained the same, and 4 patients deteriorated during transport. Out of the 21 patients picked up unconscious, 12 regained consciousness before arrival at the chamber. Also, 13 patients were in full arrest and were given full ACLS protocol. 9 of these regained vital signs before arrival in the chamber and 4 patients remained in full arrest. (UHMS Spon: K.K. Macdonald)
Description: Abstract of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. Annual Scientific Meeting held 11-14 June 1985. The Hyatt Regency Hotel, Long Beach, California (http://www.uhms.org)
URI: http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/5498
Date: 1985

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  • UHMS Meeting Abstracts
    This is a collection of the published abstracts from the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS) annual meetings.

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