Diving and the lung.

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Title: Diving and the lung.
Author: Moon, RE; Stolp, BW
Abstract: Introduction - The respiratory system is affected by diving via a number of mechanisms. The increased flow resistance engendered by breathing dense gas (Fig 1) and the additional mechanical load of the breathing apparatus added to the changes in pulmonary compliance caused by water immersion may significantly reduce ventilatory capacity. Dense gas breathing also engenders a greater likelihood of impairment of gas exchange due to diffusion problems in the alveolus. In addition, the lung is potentially subjected to damage during decompression by both pulmonary over-expansion and the effects of venous gas embolism. Finally, there is an uncommon syndrome in which young healthy individuals develop pulmonary oedema shortly after immersion at the beginning of a dive.
Description: Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society.
URI: http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/6092
Date: 1997

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