Divers Alert Network, DAN accident data.

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dc.contributor.author Dovenbarger, JA
dc.contributor.author Wacholtz, C
dc.contributor.author Bennett, PB
dc.date.accessioned 2008-03-28T18:45:46Z
dc.date.available 2008-03-28T18:45:46Z
dc.date.issued 1995
dc.identifier.citation SPUMS 1995 Volume 25 Number 3. en
dc.identifier.issn 0813-1988
dc.identifier.uri http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/6436
dc.description Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society. en
dc.description.abstract The Divers Alert Network (DAN) was started in the USA in 1981. In February 1991, International DAN (I-DAN) was established to organise existing dive medical emergency and other membership services internationally in order to give worldwide access to information about the availability of recompression and other facilities for diving accidents. DAN USA is a non-profit, recreational diving safety organization, based at Duke University Medical Center in Durham, North Carolina, and is also the current headquarters for International DAN. DAN’s primary mission is for the benefit of the diving public through information and emergency telephone hot-lines; research and education; and to act as an advocate for diving safety. The DAN USA diving emergency referral network has over 130 hyperbaric chambers and 520 referral physicians linking injured divers with qualified physicians and suitable hyperbaric facilities. In 1992, 1,776 emergency calls were received by DAN USA and 11,511 calls were taken on the medical advice phone number line resulting in over 18,000 dive related medical questions. A detailed report on 465 diving accident cases representing 53% of the total 1992 cases (876) was published in January 1994. The 876 total included 225 decompression sickness (DCS) Type I, 577 Type II and 76 arterial gas embolism (AGE) diving accidents. DAN has answered over 60,000 medical or safety information calls and over 12,000 emergency calls in the last decade. Since 1989, DAN also has collected and studied diving fatalities. DAN produces from its accident database an annual Report of Diving Accidents and Diving Fatalities. In 1992, a total of 96 recreational scuba fatalities were reported. Forty seven of these fatalities were certified basic or open water, 11 were advanced, 8 were dive masters, 2 were instructors, and 6 were divers who were uncertified to dive. The total number of US scuba diving deaths increased by 29 from the 1991 total. At least 90 scuba related deaths have been reported for 1993. Only 50% of DCI affected divers called for assistance within 12 hours, due primarily to the failure to recognise symptoms or denial. While 35% of all injured divers received oxygen, only 15% received both oxygen and fluids, the two most widely recommended first aid measures. It is hoped that DAN’s oxygen training program, introduced in 1991, will help improve oxygen use in the future. To date, October 1994, over 1,600 scuba instructors have been trained to teach oxygen first aid and over 25,000 lay scuba divers have been trained to provide oxygen to injured divers. reprinted from the Safe Limits Symposium held in Cairns, October 21-23 1994 with permission from the Division of Workplace health and Safety of the Department of Employment, Vocational education, Training and Industrial Relations of the Queensland Government and author. en
dc.format.extent 96507 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society en
dc.subject DIVING en
dc.subject ACCIDENTS en
dc.subject emergency en
dc.subject safety en
dc.subject delay to treatment en
dc.subject fatality en
dc.subject gender en
dc.subject age en
dc.subject training en
dc.title Divers Alert Network, DAN accident data. en
dc.type Article en

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