[abstract] PARALYSIS IN 69 RECREATIONAL SCUBA INJURIES.

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[abstract] PARALYSIS IN 69 RECREATIONAL SCUBA INJURIES.

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Title: [abstract] PARALYSIS IN 69 RECREATIONAL SCUBA INJURIES.
Author: Dovenbarger, JA; Uguccioni, DM; Sullivan, KM; deL Dear, G; Moon, RE
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: While paralysis caused by decompression illness may respond to treatment, the outcome is not uniformly good. The current study was designed to assess the long-term outcome of those divers reporting paralysis to DAN. METHODS: All cases of decompression illness reported to DAN between 1990 and 1997 were reviewed. Attempts were made to contact by telephone or questionnaire all divers who reported paralysis on their accident form. RESULTS: Of 3,960 cases reviewed, 175 were reported as having paralysis. Two had died (one included in analysis); 11 reported having filled out the form incorrectly and had not been paralyzed; 94 could not be contacted. Of the 69 who were interviewed (M = 51, F = 18), mean age was 41.2 y (range 19 to 70 y); median time from accident was 6.1 y (range 2.3 to 9.7 y). Median time from surfacing until the onset of paralysis was 10 minutes. Sixty-seven divers received recompression treatment, and median time from paralysis onset to treatment was 4 h. Thirty-five divers (50.7%) had residual symptoms. Fourteen (20.3%) had mild paresthesia, weakness or pain. Twenty-one (30.4%) had some level of impairment in daily activities due to their residua: 11 (52.4%) had difficulty walking (one wheelchair bound), 13 (61.9%) had impaired micturition, 15 (71.4%) had impaired anal sphincter function, and 15 (71.4%) had impaired sexual function. CONCLUSION: Paralysis due to decompression illness in recreational scuba divers, though uncommon, is associated with significant long-term disability. Approximately one-third of the divers with paralysis at onset of decompression illness had permanent impairment of daily living.
Description: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. (http://www.uhms.org)
URI: http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/6678
Date: 2000

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  • UHMS Meeting Abstracts
    This is a collection of the published abstracts from the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS) annual meetings.

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