[abstract] RECREATIONAL DIVING INJURIES, 1987-1997: A REVIEW.

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[abstract] RECREATIONAL DIVING INJURIES, 1987-1997: A REVIEW.

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Title: [abstract] RECREATIONAL DIVING INJURIES, 1987-1997: A REVIEW.
Author: Uguccioni, DM; Denoble, PD; Vann, RD
Abstract: BACKGROUND: From 1987-97, the Divers Alert Network (DAN) published annual reports on diving injuries based on data collected using the Diving Accident Report Form (DARF). We review the trends in diving injuries during this 11 year period. METHODS: About 1,000 cases of decompression illness (DCI) were reported to DAN each year by over 200 hyperbaric chambers around the world, and about half of these were entered. into an injury database for a total of 4,889 over the 11-year period. Attribute, 1987, 1997, Attribute, 1987, 1997; # Cases, 624, 972, Cent Amer, 6.7%, 22.7%; Age (yrs), 33, 36, Instructor, 17.6%, 19.5%; Females, 24.1%, 31.0%, Advan Cert, 27.8%, 34.3%; # of Dives, 1.5, 4.0, Student, 3.3%, 1.3%; DCS-I, 17.4%, 24.6%, Basic Cert, 54.5%, 45.2%; AGE, 19.3%, 8.6%, Rapid Asc, 27.9%, 25.8%; DCS-II, 63.3%, 68.8%, Buoyancy, 24.5%, 22.3%; Mean#Tx, 1, 2, Out of Air, 4.5%, 3.3%; Tx Delay, 46 hr, 36 hr, Air Flight, 37.9%, 33.3%; FullRelief, 51.5%, 68.8%, MedEvac, 12.0%, 10:6%; Paralysis, 13.4%, 2.88%, Mt Travel*, 2.4%, 5.4%; Unconsc, 7.4%, 3.9%, DiveComp, 14.9%, 59.5%; Bladder, 2.2%, 0.4%, Field O2, 51.9%, 59.2%; * data from 1989-1997. RESULTS: The table illustrates attributes of the DAN injury data expressed as attribute means in 1987 and 1997 or as the percent of the annual injury population with the indicated attribute. Submitted cases have been constant over the past four years. CONCLUSIONS: With respect to 1987, injured divers in 1997 were older, dived more frequently, were more often female, used dive computers more often, and were more likely to dive in locations remote to the US. Delays to treatment were shorter, and diving injury severity decreased as evidenced by less reported paralysis, unconsciousness, bladder problems, arterial gas embolism (AGE), and residual symptoms.
Description: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. (http://www.uhms.org)
URI: http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/6767
Date: 2000

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  • UHMS Meeting Abstracts
    This is a collection of the published abstracts from the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS) annual meetings.

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