[abstract] DAN ANALYSIS OF DIVING FATALITIES USING COMPRESSED GAS IN 1989.

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[abstract] DAN ANALYSIS OF DIVING FATALITIES USING COMPRESSED GAS IN 1989.

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Title: [abstract] DAN ANALYSIS OF DIVING FATALITIES USING COMPRESSED GAS IN 1989.
Author: Dovenbarger, J; Corson, K; Mebane, GY; Bennett, PB; Wachholz, C
Abstract: The Divers Alert Network began a new service to the diving community in 1989 by collecting and reporting on diving fatalities. Fatality reports were primarily received through DAN's network of hyperbaric chambers, members of DAN, news clipping service and DAN's emergency and information service lines. There were a total of 116 fatalities reported. These fatalities consisted of 9 snorkel or free diving incidents, 12 commercial diving fatalities, and 96 recreational scuba diving deaths. A brief preliminary analysis of 75 of these 96 recreational deaths is presented in abstract form. Seventy-one of 75 divers were male. There were 19 deaths in the 15-29 age range, 12 ill the 30-34 age range, 20 deaths in the 35-49 age range, and surprisingly 21 deaths in the 50-68 year old age range. There were 57 divers who were known to be certified, 7 divers who were not certified, and 11 divers whose certification was not known. Forty-eight divers were diving a new location for the frrst time. The 75 divers were either ocean diving (52), lake diving (11), spring/cave diving (9), or river diving (3). There were 32 divers who were diving from a shore entry, 16 from a private boat, 23 from a charter dive boat, 1 ice diver, and 3 unknown. The most common activities involved in fatalities were sightseeing (34), game collecting (12), and cave diving (9). Many divers chose to dive alone (10) or with a single buddy (20). The majority of divers (38) chose to dive within a chartered group. Rapid ascent was listed as a contributing factor in only 10 cases, but there were 14 out of air incidents. Lack of experience was listed as a contributing factor in 22 cases and medical problems considered as an absolute contraindication to diving was listed in 5 cases. Mortality studies are invaluable in identifying specific causes of death and may identify common factors. This knowledge will be useful in educating the diving public in the prevention of accidents.
Description: Abstract of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. Joint Annual Scientific Meeting with the International Congress for Hyperbaric Medicine and the European Undersea Biomedical Society held 11-18 August 1990. Okura Hotel, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (http://www.uhms.org)
URI: http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/7168
Date: 1990

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  • UHMS Meeting Abstracts
    This is a collection of the published abstracts from the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS) annual meetings.

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