[abstract] REVIEW OF AUTOPSIES ON RECREATIONAL SCUBA DIVERS 1989-1992.

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[abstract] REVIEW OF AUTOPSIES ON RECREATIONAL SCUBA DIVERS 1989-1992.

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Title: [abstract] REVIEW OF AUTOPSIES ON RECREATIONAL SCUBA DIVERS 1989-1992.
Author: Mebane, GY; Lew, N; Dovenbarger, J
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The Divers Alert Network (DAN) is the United States' safety organization for recreational scuba diving. DAN collects, analyzes and publishes data on diving accidents and fatalities. The information is obtained from many sources, including medical examiners, investigating agencies, news clippings, etc. METHOD: As diving fatalities fall under the jurisdiction of the medical examiner system in most states, a very high percentage of victims are subjected to forensic autopsy. Autopsy reports and dive records available to DAN ware reviewed on all deaths which occurred during recreational scuba diving during the years 1989 through 1992. RESULTS: 362 recreational scuba fatalities of US were identified during the study period. The autopsy rate for these fatalities is approximately 70% for the period. DAN has received adequate autopsy information on more than 150 of these cases to date. [table] Immediate Cause of Death, Age Group (years): <40, 40+; Drowning and Cardiovascular diseases: 10, 12; Drowning and Insufficient air: 12, 4; Drowning and Physical barrier to surface: 25, 8; Drowning and Buoyancy problem: 19, 5; Drowning and Substance abuse: 7, 0; Arterial gas embolism: 14, 9; Cardiovascular diseases: 1, 19; Trauma: 2, 0; Decompression sickness: 1, 0; Unclassified: 3, -; [end table] Drowning (most common cause of death) may follow other factors which can be identified. The data in these reports are reviewed to establish the characteristics of diving fatalities and the possible role of pro-existing disease, training, physical fitness and other factors in the cause of the fatal diving accident. CONCLUSION: The risk factors for scuba fatalities include training situations, inexperience, careless errors. Coronary artery disease is important in the over age 40 diver. Diabetes, asthma, and seizure disorders were contributing causes in a few deaths.
Description: Abstract of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. Annual Scientific Meeting held July 7-10, 1993. World Trade and Convention Centre, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. (http://www.uhms.org)
URI: http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/8146
Date: 1993

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  • UHMS Meeting Abstracts
    This is a collection of the published abstracts from the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS) annual meetings.

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