Ruins on the ocean floor (Salvaging the Kaiyo Maru)

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Ruins on the ocean floor (Salvaging the Kaiyo Maru)

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Title: Ruins on the ocean floor (Salvaging the Kaiyo Maru)
Author: Araki, S
Abstract: Surrounded by a shoreline exceeding 30,000 kilometers in length, and abounding with lakes of various sizes, Japan has countless fossils buried underwater. Reputed to be the largest in Asia at the time, the Kaiyo Maru, a 2590-ton warrior ship, was constructed in Holland by order of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1866. Just 2 years later, in 1868, it was submerged in 10 meters of water at Esashi, Hokkaido, after striking a rock during a storm. This paper describes the research methods and results of excavation of the Kaiyo Maru remains, which provide invaluable insight into Japan's adoption of Western culture and modernization during that period.
Description: American Academy of Underwater Sciences (http://www.aaus.org/)
URI: http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/9825
Date: 1985

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