[abstract] Fatality rates in recreational scuba diving: A summary of statistics presented at DAN Fatality Workshop 2010

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[abstract] Fatality rates in recreational scuba diving: A summary of statistics presented at DAN Fatality Workshop 2010

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Title: [abstract] Fatality rates in recreational scuba diving: A summary of statistics presented at DAN Fatality Workshop 2010
Author: Denoble, PJ; Richardson, D; Cumming, B; Lippmann, J; Marroni, A; Vann, RD
Abstract: Background: Scuba diving entails known hazards which may result in injury and death. Reducing the hazards is a high priority in recreational diving, but 70-90 fatalities occur every year in United States and Canada. To investigate what might be done to reduce fatalities, DAN held a Recreational Diving Fatality Workshop in 2010. The purpose of this paper is to summarize the diving fatality statistics presented at the workshop. Methods: Fatality data were presented by DAN America, DAN Europe, DAN Asia-Pacific, the British Sub-Aqua Club (BSAC) and the Professional Association of Diving Instructors (PADI). For membership organizations with known populations, the measure of safety was the Annual Fatality Rate (AFR) per 100,000 divers. When the number of dives made by each diver also was known (e.g., diving training courses or diving in locations with controlled access), the number of fatal outcomes per 100,000 dives could be estimated. Results: Based on number of divers established by United States 2000 Census and the total number of fatalities recorded by DAN, the estimated scuba diving related AFR was four per 100,000 participants. DAN AP reported a rate in Australia of 8.5 per 100,000 Australian divers. DAN Europe reported an AFR of 70 and DAN America of 16 per 100,000 insured members. BSAC reported 14 per 100,000 members. For populations where the number of dives per diver was known, cold-water wreck divers had a rate of four per 100,000 dives, British non-club divers 1.03, BSAC club divers 0.54 and PADI training courses had 0.47 per 100,000 dives. Conclusions: Scuba fatality rates vary with the diving group and type of activity. In supervised scuba training courses and club diving, rates appear lower than overall rates for population. Rates appear higher in challenging diving environments.
Description: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine : Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc.
URI: http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/9884
Date: 2011

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  • UHMS Meeting Abstracts
    This is a collection of the published abstracts from the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS) annual meetings.

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