Problems of Underwater Physiology

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Problems of Underwater Physiology

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Title: Problems of Underwater Physiology
Author: Lambertsen, CJ
Abstract: Opportunities for extension of manned undersea activity physiological and medical aspects. Engineering for extension of manned undersea activity is temporarily in the fortunate position of being able to exploit the basic physiological studies carefully made over the past several decades. Further engineering improvement will be derived from elaboration of the problems concerned with bringing man's assets to bear upon deep undersea operations. However, long lead time is required to accumulate the pertinent and accurate basic physiological information and to develop the concepts required to extend man's capabilities in the deep, cold, wet undersea environment. This accumulation of knowledge cannot be accomplished entirely by general allocation of funds , since important advances are most likely to result from long sustained activity in laboratories which combine understanding, imagination and capability of performing meticulous measurement. Advance is further heavily dependent upon the ability to integrate information developed in diverse and scattered individual studies. At the present time emphasis upon fundamental investigation is required in order to overcome the physiological and performance limitations which are now imposed by factors such as: the acute toxicity of oxygen and the narcotic influences of inert gases, the restriction of pulmonary ventilation in working situations by dense and viscous gas mixtures, the influences of low temperatures upon elimination of inert gases during decompression, the lack of intelligible vocalization, and the difficulties in propulsion and locomotion. If such investigations can proceed and their results be integrated, it should be possible within the next few years to increase several-fold the practical depth at which man's intelligence and dexterity can be applied. Accomplishment of these goals requires immediate and thoughtful coordination of engineering and physiological concepts in the evolution of ways to carry out the necessary laboratory and open sea studies .
Description: The items forming the Rubicon Research Repository Christian J. Lambertsen collection are generously donated by the Lambertsen Family. All items in this collection are released through Creative Commons Attribution + Noncommercial + ShareAlike (BY-NC-SA) licenses in an attempt to encourage the use of these works to further scientific understanding of physiology.
URI: http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/10920
Date: 1966

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