Betting Preferences and Personality Characteristics of Navy Divers.

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Betting Preferences and Personality Characteristics of Navy Divers.

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Title: Betting Preferences and Personality Characteristics of Navy Divers.
Author: Biersner, RJ; Cameron, BJ
Abstract: Twenty professional U.S. Navy divers and a comparable control group of nondiving enlisted men were given the Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory (MMPI) and the Edwards personal preference schedule (EPPS) in order to study personality differences between the two groups. In addition, both groups selected bets from among a series of hypothetical gambles in order to study differences in attitudes towards risk. The results showed that divers (a) scored essentially the same as the control group on the MMPI, (b) scored significantly higher than control subjects on the aggression and change scales, and significantly lower on the affiliation, nurturance, and intraception scales of the EPPS, and (c) consistently selected from bets in which the probability of winning or losing was the same (.50) those bets in which the greater amount of money was involved. A comparison of these results with studies of parachutists and jet pilots indicated that divers were similar to parachutists in betting preferences, but showed personality characteristics which were significantly different from both parachutists and jet pilots. (Author)
Description: Citation Status: Active; Citation Classification: Unclassified; Title Classification: Unclassified; Report Classification: Unclassified; Identifier Classification: Unclassified; Abstract Classification: Unclassified; Distribution Limitation(s): 01 - APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; Information provided by the Department of Defense and the Defense Technical Information Center (http://www.dtic.mil/) is considered public information and may be distributed or copied unless otherwise specified. Use of appropriate byline/photo/image credits is requested.
URI: http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/3440
Date: 1970

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